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MKV v AJ 2015-Hodina 6 (Christmas, Revision of future tense through speaking and discussion)Stránka naposledy upravena 13:00, 4 Dub 2016 uživatelem Lenka Hessová
Autor: Tkaný, Pojsl
Rozsah přípravy: 45 min
The aim of the class: to revise the future tense, to get acquainted with Christmas holidays all around the world and what cultural role they play
Skills to include: speaking, reading
1) Santa trip
The students will sit in a circle. Each of them takes a turn and names object Santa will take on a trip. The first student starts by naming an object that begins with the letter A. The second student repeats that object and then adds his/her own word starting with the letter B (and so on down the alphabet).
Example: Santa will take an Apple –Santa will take an Apple and a Ball…
2) Discussion about Christmas
The students will work in pairs and discuss how they will celebrate Christmas this year. They should try to use as many future tense collocations as possible (I am going to, I will, etc.). One student is taking notes about his colleague so that he/she can later on talk about how will his colleague spend Christmas. After the discussion is done everyone will present his/her colleague plans out loud.
The teacher then can ask some more questions about the topic. For example: Does anybody practice some traditions? Like cutting apples in half, pouring hot lead into water etc.?
3) Christmas in different countries around the world
In this activity you will need printed out handouts. Text for this handouts is available at: http://www.whychristmas.com/cultures/
We modified some texts from this website to be more suitable for the students we are aiming this lesson at. The text we used are included below.
The task for the students is to work in pairs and study the given text, make notes and then introduce the country they have read about to the rest of the class.
Christmas in Japan
Christmas has only been widely celebrated in Japan for the last few decades. It's still not seen as a religious holiday or celebration as there aren't many Christians in Japan. Now several customs that came to Japan from the USA such as sending and receiving Christmas Cards and Presents are popular.
In Japan, Christmas is known as more of a time to spread happiness rather than a religious celebration. Christmas Eve is often celebrated more than Christmas Day. Christmas Eve is thought of as a romantic day, in which couples spend together and exchange presents. In many ways it resembles Valentine's Day celebrations in the UK and the USA. Young couples like to go for walks to look at the Christmas lights and have a romantic meal in a restaurant - booking a table on Christmas Eve can be very difficult as it's so popular!
Fried chicken is often eaten on Christmas day. It is the busiest time of year for restaurants such as KFC and people can place orders at their local fast food restaurant in advance!
The traditional Japanese Christmas food is Christmas cake, but it's not a rich fruit cake, but is usually a sponge cake decorated with strawberries and whipped cream.
Christmas is not a national holiday in Japan, so schools and businesses are normally open on December 25th.
Christmas in Greece
On Christmas Eve, children, especially boys, often go out singing 'kalanda' (carols) in the streets. They play drums and triangles as they sing. Sometimes the will also carry model boats decorated with nuts which are painted gold. Carrying a boat is a very old custom in the Greek Islands.
If the children sing well, they might be given money, nuts, sweets and dried figs to eat.
Christmas Trees are becoming more popular in Greece, but they aren't traditional. Instead most houses will have a shallow wooden bowl with a piece of wire is put across the rim. A small branch of basil wrapped around a wooden cross hangs from the wire. Some water is kept in the bowl to keep the basil alive and fresh. Once a day someone, usually the mother of the family, dips the cross and basil into some holy water and uses it to sprinkle water in each room of the house.
This is believed to keep the 'Killantzaroi' (bad spirits) away. The Killantzaroi are meant to appear only during the 12-day period from Christmas to January 6th. They are supposed to come from the middle of the earth and get into people's house through the chimney! The Killantzaroi do things like putting out fires and making milk go off. Having a fire burning through the twelve days of Christmas is also meant to keep the Killantzaroi away.
The main Christmas meal is often Lamb or pork, roasted in an oven or over an open spit. It's often served with a spinach and cheese pie and various salads and vegetables.
Christmas in China
In China, only about one percent of people are Christians, so most people only know a few things about Christmas. Because of this, Christmas is only often celebrated in major cities. In these big cities there are Christmas Trees, lights and other decorations on the streets and in department stores.
Only a few people have a Christmas tree (or celebrate Christmas at all!). If people do have a tree it is normally a plastic one and might be decorated with paper chains, paper flowers, and paper lanterns (they might also call it a tree of light). The Christmas Trees that most people would see would be in shopping malls!
Christmas isn't that widely celebrated in the rural areas of China, but it's becoming better known.
The strange thing is that most of the world's plastic Christmas Trees and Christmas decorations are made in China, but the people making them might not know what they are for!!!
A tradition that's becoming popular, on Christmas Eve, is giving apples. Many stores have apples wrapped up in coloured paper for sale. People give apples on Christmas Eve because in Chinese Christmas Eve is called 'Ping An Ye' (which means quiet or silent night) and the word for apple in Chinese is 'Ping Guo' which sounds similar.
Some people go Carol singing, although not many people understand them or know about the Christmas Story. Jingle Bells is a popular Carol in China!
Christmas in Russia
Christmas is normally celebrated on January 7th (only a few Catholics might celebrate it on the 25th December). The date is different because the Russian Orthodox Church uses the old 'Julian' calendar for religious celebration days. The official Christmas and New holidays in Russia last from December 31st to January 10th.
Some people don't eat anything on Christmas Eve, until the first star has appeared in the sky. People then eat 'sochivo' or 'kutia' a meal made from wheat or rice served with honey and fruit
Kutia can be eaten from one common bowl, this symbolizes unity. In the past, some families like to throw a spoonful of sochivo up on the ceiling. If it stuck to the ceiling, some people thought it meant they would have good luck and would have a good harvest!
Other popular Christmas Eve foods include beetroot soup (borsch) served with vegetable pies (often made with cabbage, potato, or mushroom). Sauerkraut is main dish in the Christmas Eve meal. It can be served with cranberries, carrot and onion rings. Following the meal, prayers might be said and people then go to the midnight Church services. They often don't wash the dishes until they get home from Church
The New Year celebrations are still very important to Russians (sometimes more than Christmas).This is when - when 'Father Frost' (known in Russian as 'Ded Moroz' or Дед Мороз) brings presents to children. He is always accompanied by his Granddaughter (Snegurochka)
4) Blind drawing
After a demanding activity like the last one we decided to put a small funny activity after it. The task for the students is to take a piece of blank paper, a pen or pencil and close their eyes. The teacher will then read instructions about what they are supposed to draw. They will get the information about the shapes but they will not know exactly what they are trying to draw.
a) Snowman:draw three circles, with the largest being on the bottom and the smallest on the top. Then draw dots into the smallest circle and one dot in the middle of the other two.
b) Christmas wreath:draw a single big circle in the middle of the paper. Now draw a set of short lines on the surface of the circle. The more lines your draw the better.
c)Now you can draw whatever you like or what is the typical thing about Christmas for you.
Now open your eyes and look at what you have actually drawn.
The idea for this activity was taken from: http://top411.tripod.com/christmas/christmas_games_grade_school.html
5) Christmas quiz
The last activity of this lesson is a small quiz. The students can guess discuss, work in pairs or groups. Quiz taken from: http://www.whychristmas.com/fun/quiz.shtml
1. What´s the name of the period leading up to the Christmas?
2. Who brings presents to childern at Christmas?
3. In what town was Jesus born?
4. Where did the baby Jesus sleep?
5. What country did Christmas Trees originate from?
6. Who is Santa´s favorite singer?
2. Little baby Jesus, Santa Claus …
4. in a manger
6. Elf-is Presley J
Teaching aids: printed out handouts with a text about Christmas holidays in different countries, printed out handout with a Christmas quiz, smartboard or projector.
|Vzdělávací období||Druhý stupeň ZŠ: 7. třída|
|Rozvíjené klíčové kompetence||Kompetence k učení, Kompetence sociální a personální, Kompetence komunikativní|
|Integrace průřezových témat||Multikulturní výchova|
|Výstupy||Budoucí čas, Vánoce ve světě a v ČR, komunikace na téma Vánoce|
|Mezioborové přesahy a vazby||Rodinná výchova, Zeměpis |
- Klíčová slova (Upravit)
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